Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 65-71
The Lethal Water Tri-Therapy: Chlorine, Alum, and Polyelectrolyte
Djamel Ghernaout, Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
Abdulaziz Algahmdi, Mecanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Mohamed Aichouni, Industrial Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Mabrouk Touahmia, Architetctural Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Ha’il, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia
Received: Jul. 10, 2018;       Accepted: Jul. 20, 2018;       Published: Aug. 17, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjac.20180302.14      View  386      Downloads  21
Abstract
There is no doubt that the chemical water treatment has resolved the problem of drinking water supply for several decades to humankind especially in terms of pathogen microorganisms and turbidity removal. However, due to chemicals used through this treatment and increasing quantities of pollutants discharged into nature, numerous health problems have been largely more and more proved and reported. This review discusses the toxicity of chlorine, alum, and polyelectrolyte which are widely employed through the world. The main addressed question here is: When the true and radical water treatment technology will be really and definitely applied? There is no water treatment technique but only distillation process which is successfully applied at the largest scale in nature by God. At least, physical processes such as membrane processes should be more and more applied through water treatment plants for reducing chemicals use. Most of chlorination disadvantages may be avoided through a better understanding of the mutual actions conducting to the generation of chlorine by-products and the use of more sophisticated procedures to assess toxicity capacity of such chemicals. Finally, this study arrives at its time since the Environmental Engineers and the Green Chemistry specialists have largely opened the discussion about polluting industry and preserving nature. Returning Man to its initial and noble Mission on Earth is reflected through this research to preserve both humankind and nature.
Keywords
Water Treatment, Chlorine, Alum, Polyelectrolyte, Chemicals Toxicity, Potable Water
To cite this article
Djamel Ghernaout, Abdulaziz Algahmdi, Mohamed Aichouni, Mabrouk Touahmia, The Lethal Water Tri-Therapy: Chlorine, Alum, and Polyelectrolyte, World Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 65-71. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20180302.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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