Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 57-64
Assessment of the Proximate and Elemental Composition of the Leaves, Stem Bark and Roots of Bobgunnia fistuloides
Samuel Egwu Anwani, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, Lafia, Nigeria
Muhammed Binin Etsuyankpa, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, Lafia, Nigeria
Sule Philip Ivoms Ogah, Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Lafia, Lafia, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 23, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 5, 2020;       Published: Nov. 16, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjac.20200504.11      View  23      Downloads  9
Abstract
Bobgunnia fistuloides is a leguminous plant which belong to the family of fabaceae. Ethno-medicinally, Bobgunnia fistuloides parts (leaves, bark and roots) have been used by the Nupe communities, Niger State, Nigeria to treat various diseases for decades. This research assessed the proximate composition and elemental composition of the leaves, stem bark and roots of Bobgunnia fistuloides. The Ca, Mg and Fe content in the plant parts were investigated using atomic absorption spectrophotometer while as the Na and K content were assessed using flame photometer. More so, the proximate compositions of the leaves, stem bark and roots were analyzed using standard methods. The results of the proximate analysis, in percentages, revealed the values of 10.01±0.15, 9.40±0.46, 10.61±0.18; 32.40±0.16, 36.20±2.47, 33.00±0.20; 2.71±0.16, 10.13±0.26, 11.27±0.08; 3.28±0.22, 2.91±0.13, 3.50±0.44; 0.88±0.01, 1.06±0.02, 1.08±0.02 and 50.73±2.51, 40.30±1.87, 40.25±1.09 respectively for the moisture, ash, crude fibre, crude protein, crude fat and crude carbohydrates contents of leaves, stem bark and roots of the plant. On the other hand, the nutritive values in mg/kg were: K (822.20±0.20, 756.13±0.06, 652.67±3.05); Na (507.24±0.08, 496.13±0.06 and 252.83±0.04), Ca (2405.48±0.43, 1208.64±0.02 and 977.36±0.57), Fe (102.07±0.05, 70.44±0.04and 6.17±0.31), Mg (580.20±0.07, 448.54±0.29 and 206.35±0.25) respectively for the leaves, stem bark and roots of this plant. These results indicate that the roots of Bobgunnia fistuloides contain relatively lowest amounts of the elements determined followed by the stem bark while the leaves have the highest. These results also reveal that the carbohydrates, calcium and potassium contents of the leaves were the highest compared to those of the other parts analyzed. The results also reveal that since such parameters including the ash contents among other parameters investigated were high, all the parts of this plant could serve as good sources of nutrients when properly utilized.
Keywords
Bobgunnia fistuloides, Proximate Composition, Analysis and Nutrients
To cite this article
Samuel Egwu Anwani, Muhammed Binin Etsuyankpa, Sule Philip Ivoms Ogah, Assessment of the Proximate and Elemental Composition of the Leaves, Stem Bark and Roots of Bobgunnia fistuloides, World Journal of Applied Chemistry. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 57-64. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20200504.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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